Moundridge is located at 38°12'9N, 97°31'7W (38.202497, -97.518506). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 km² (1.0 mi²), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,593 people, 647 households, and 419 families residing in the city. The population density was 585.8/km² (1,519.6/mi²). There were 681 housing units at an average density of 250.4/km² (649.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.24% White, 0.50% African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.75% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.
There were 647 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 26.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,644, and the median income for a family was $44,934. Males had a median income of $34,038 versus $20,223 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,263. About 2.1% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.